Here's Why There's No Such Thing as Free Public Education Anymore
It’s nearly back-to-school time, which means parents and kids will soon be heading to stores to stock up on all the supplies needed to complete classroom assignments and homework. But according to the annual Backpack Index from California-based Huntington Bank, the expense of pens and pencils, along with required public school activity fees for the 2015–2016 school year, is increasingly out of reach for cash-strapped families.
The bank crunched the numbers on the cost of supplies and required fees from a representative cross-section of schools in the six states it serves. According to this year’s index, the parents of an elementary school–age child can expect to fork over $649, a 1 percent jump since 2014, and a middle schooler’s family will shell out about $941, up 2.5 percent. But the moms and dads of high schoolers will feel the pain in their wallets the most. Supplies and fees for those students will be $1,402, an increase of 9 percent. Families with a kid in each age bracket can expect to shell out nearly $3,000. That’s a big chunk of change for low- and moderate-income households.
Indeed, a study released last year by the Southern Education Foundation revealed that 51 percent of public school students are living below the poverty line, which, for a family of four, is $24,250 per year. Kids whose families are bringing home a little more cash aren’t much better off. A report released by UNICEF last fall found that in 2012, about 32 percent of children in the United States were living in a home with an income below $31,000. Expecting their parents to fork over 10 percent or more of their already limited income for public school supplies and fees is just unrealistic.
Thanks to the era of draconian public education budget cuts ushered in by the Great Recession, over the past few years schools have simply passed costs on to families. Since the first Backpack Index was produced in 2007, “the cost of supplies and extracurricular activities has increased 85 percent for elementary school students, 78 percent for middle school students and 57 percent for high school students,” according to the bank.
Indeed, public school parents are no longer being asked to purchase a few notebooks or a $2 box of pencils. Nowadays there are textbook, physical education, and science lab fees. If a family doesn’t pay, the child isn’t prepared to complete assignments and gets a failing grade. There might be fees to ride the school bus, fees to play on a sports team, or fees for art and music electives. Or if a high school student wants to get on the college track and take an Advanced Placement class, the school might tack on an extra fee to pay for the AP curriculum. Oh, and then there are graduation fees to cover the costs of the commencement ceremony too.
The problem is so out of hand that in 2013 California passed a law prohibiting schools from charging families for supplies, equipment, books, and uniforms. But in the 2014–2015 school year, some parents in the Golden State complained that they were still being charged.
“And this is where I argue that public education is not free,” Nicole Wesley, the principal of Redondo High School in Redondo Beach, California, told KPCC. “We’re not given the amount of funding needed to truly cover all aspects of a high school experience for our students."
If a kid who is already struggling with the effects of poverty and is behind academically is confronted with paying such high costs for school supplies and mandatory fees, that might make dropping out more likely. “We work closely with and in public schools and see that many students cannot afford a backpack or the list of supplies they need to learn," Communities in Schools President Dan Cardinali said in a statement about the Backpack Index. The nonprofit, which works to combat the dropout rate, is just one organization that holds school supply drives to help eliminate that hurdle for struggling students. "While teachers and many school districts do what they can to help students obtain supplies, we need to do more," said Cardinali.
Communities in Schools affiliates hope to collect enough supplies to meet the needs of 1.5 million public school students. But unless states get serious about funding public education, the problem of districts passing costs on to parents in the form of mandatory fees doesn't seem likely to disappear anytime soon.