Only 3,200 Tigers Remain in the Wild; This Map Shows Where

On International Tiger Day, the numbers tell the story of the big cat's struggle to survive.

(Photo: Rupak De Chowdhuri/Reuters)

Jul 29, 2014· 0 MIN READ
Todd Woody is TakePart's editorial director, environment.

Today is International Tiger Day, and frankly, there’s not much to celebrate. Wild tiger populations have plunged 97 percent over the past century, and the big cats have lost 93 percent of their historic habitat in Asia, according to the World Wildlife Fund.

This map shows the location of the estimated 3,200 tigers that remain in the wild.

The 13 Countries Where Tigers Survive

How did this happen? It’s the usual suspects: us.

As Asia’s human population has boomed, people have logged the tiger’s forest home, pushing the cat onto ever shrinking patches of habitat. That in turn has ratcheted up human-tiger conflicts as the cats, deprived prey, raid farmers’ livestock.

Poaching is also decimating the tiger. “Every part of the tiger—from whisker to tail—is traded in illegal wildlife markets,” according to the WWF. “Poaching is the most immediate threat to wild tigers. In relentless demand, their parts are used for traditional medicine, folk remedies, and increasingly as a status symbol among some Asian cultures.”

Climate change is slowly but surely taking a toll as rising sea levels inundate the Sundarbans, a vast mangrove forest that straddles India and Bangladesh and is home to the world’s largest tiger population.

The good news is that countries like India are taking aggressive measures to fight poaching, and international nonprofits are increasingly deploying high-tech technology such as drones to keep track of tigers and find poachers. Not least, international outcry from ordinary citizens keeps the pressure on governments to prevent the tiger from slipping into oblivion.