Things we regard as basics—such as Internet access, electric lighting, and medicines we can trust—are luxuries in much of the developing world. But new ideas might provide new levels of access to such technologies, with positive implications for health and economic growth. Innovations coming from nongovernmental organizations, individuals, and the private sector have the potential to transform the lives of millions. They’re coming from Europe, the U.S., and the countries where they will be used. Here are seven standouts that could make life a little easier in poor countries.