‘More Than Surgery or Pills’: HEAL Africa Provides Holistic Care in Conflict-Torn Congo

A doctor offers medical care to locals—and fights for the rights of the women he’s helping.

Jo Lusi (left), founder of HEAL Africa, with two other doctors and two small patients. (Photo: Courtesy Kem Knapp Sawyer/Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting)

May 28, 2015· 2 MIN READ
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Kasereka “Jo” Lusi, an orthopedic surgeon who performs much-needed operations in the war-torn region of Goma, the largest city in eastern Congo, is also a forceful advocate for women’s rights.

“If you assist women and children, you have begun to deal with the health of a nation,” he said. In a country where “raping a woman is like nothing,” he added, “we must show women their rights and teach the men.”

Lusi believes that “healing is about more than surgery or pills.” He has put that philosophy to work in one of the world’s most troubled countries, devoting four decades to the practice of holistic medicine.

Until her death two years ago, his partner in that work was his wife, Lyn, an Englishwoman Lusi met in 1974 when she came to Congo to teach. The two worked in a hospital and in schools in the northeast of the country for many years. In 2000, they founded HEAL Africa, which became the region’s premier teaching hospital in Goma. HEAL stands for Health, Education, Action, and Leadership.

The ongoing conflict in eastern Congo has destroyed villages, displaced thousands, and made women more vulnerable to rape. Between January and July 2013, UNHCR (the UN Refugee Agency) registered 705 cases of sexual violence in the region, including 619 cases of rape. Rebel groups and the Congolese army were responsible for most of these. Of the 705 reported cases, 434 were by armed perpetrators.

Living in Goma, Jo and Lyn Lusi saw firsthand the effects of war. While they trained 30 doctors in 11 years, they also treated survivors of sexual violence—4,800 women between 2002 and 2012. Many of their patients suffered from fistula tears, the result of rape or childbirth trauma, and HEAL Africa’s doctors became renowned for their expertise in fistula repair.

Healing Arts has started a new pottery program. (Photo: Courtesy Kem Knapp Sawyer/Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting)

Women who come to HEAL Africa for medical care receive far more than that. “We treat her body, but we also give her skills,” Lusi said. Some stay in residence during their recovery. They take part in vocational training, learning skills such as sewing and ceramics, and they are encouraged to sell their crafts. There’s even a classroom and a teacher for small children.

Women are also taught literacy skills and given access to micro-credit loans. “When a woman is illiterate, she lacks confidence,” Lusi said. “When a woman is absolutely poor, she lacks confidence. Women must become interlocutors with their husbands.”

Beatrice Murhula teaches school for children who are patients at HEAL Africa. She is calling on students to recite cardinal numbers in English. (Photo: Courtesy Kem Knapp Sawyer/Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting)

The influence of HEAL Africa is felt far beyond the borders of Goma. Nurses and birth attendants are sent into villages to provide medical assistance. Mothers who may have had to rely on “the village woman” for delivery now for the first time have other options.

When Lyn Lusi died of cancer on March 17, 2012, she was mourned not only by her family but throughout the nation. Jo Lusi continues the work she left behind. He likes to say, “Healing is like making a big salad with many ingredients.” He does it with gusto.

This article was written by Kem Knapp Sawyer/Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting.