A hammock is the closest 8-month-old Amna has ever been to home. Her family was displaced by floods in Pakistan last year and is currently residing in a tent at a camp in the Charsadda district of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.
While Amna sleeps with the peace and security only a swaddled infant can know, the anxieties of approximately 5 million Pakistanis are heightening over the probable disruptions and disasters from follow-up floods this year. The United Nations blames the cloudy outlook on poor reconstruction and the inadequate rehabilitation of survivors from 2010's massive washout, which impacted 20 million people and killed 2,000.
"The vulnerabilities are higher this year than last year," said Manuel Bessler, head of the U.N. emergencies office (OCHA) in Pakistan. "This is because of poor timing and a lack of funding which has meant that, perhaps, things were not done to the level they could have been."
Proper preparation and reconstruction are essential if disaster is to be averted—in part because climate change is expected to produce a horrific monsoon season as a typical annual event for the region.
"The scale of the the natural disasters will increase exponentially," said Achim Steiner, director of the U.N. Environment Program.
Which means that more and more Pakistani children, like Amna, will have never known any home other than a temporary refugee camp.
One bright spot? There are ways to help.